Ten fascinating facts about Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan
- Jayaprakash Narayan was born on Oct. 11, 1902 in a small village in Bihar.
- When Narayan was 9 years old, he left his village to enroll in 7th class of the collegiate school at Patna. Just before his graduation, he followed the call of Indian nationalists to quit British-assisted institutions.
- Narayan at an early age of 18 married Prabhavati Devi, a freedom fighter herself who was to later become an inmate of the Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram, upon his request.
- In 1922 Narayan travelled to the US, where he was admitted into Berkley.
- Narayan returned from the US to India in late 1929 as a Marxist. He joined the Indian National Congress on the invitation of Nehru in 1929; Mahatma Gandhi became his mentor in the Congress.
- During the Indian independence movement he was arrested, jailed, and tortured several times by the British. He was was one of the frontrunners of the Quit India movement.
- Between 1947 and 1953, Jayaprakash Narayan was President of All India Railwaymen’s Federation, the largest labour union in the Indian Railways.
- Narayan never held a formal position in the government, but remained a leading political personality operating outside party politics.
- Narayan died in Patna, Bihar, on 8 October 1979, three days before his 77th birthday, due to effects of diabetes and heart ailments.
- Narayan was posthumously awarded India’s greatest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna in 1999. He also received the Magsaysay award on account of his public service.
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