Ten interesting Maulana Abul Kalam Azad facts
- Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, one of the supreme leaders of the Indian freedom struggle, was born on 11 November, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia to Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and Zulaikha Begum.
- His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, but became known as Maulana Azad.
- From an early age, he became multi-linguist, mastering numerous languages such as Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Bengali, English and Arabic. He received education in Hanbali fiqh, shariat, mathematics, philosophy, world history and science.
- He married Zulaikha Begum when he was thirteen years old.
- He was influenced by prominent Hindu revolutionaries Sri Aurobindo and Shyam Sundar Chakravarty and actively participated in the national struggle for freedom.
- He joined hands with Gandhi-led Indian National Congress and contributed in the Non-Cooperation Movement by urging people to boycott everything British, from schools, government offices and clothes to goods and services
- He became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress in 1923.
- In 1930, he was arrested for violation of salt law as a part of Gandhi’s Salt Satyagraha along with several other leaders. He was put in Meerut jail. In 1934, following the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, he was released.
- At the dawn of Indian Independence, all political prisoners were released and so was he. Subsequently, he led the Congress in the elections for the new Constituent Assembly of India.
- Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India’s highest civilian honour, Bharat Ratna in 1992.
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